Shamanism is a deliberate effort to build up on-going relationships with private helping spirits by means of travelling in to realms in which the spirits live.
Shamanism is the way of seeing the nature of the universe in a way that includes the world of invisible Spirits. This world is where the spirits of animals, deceased family members, the goddesses and gods, and the other spiritual beings live.
Shamans use altered consciousness so that they can send their spirits or souls into the spirit world to have direct experiences with particular spirits who become the friends, guides, guardians, instructors, and allies.
The reason shamans seek this contact with the spirit world is to gain practical healing methods, wisdom, knowledge , and other vital information for the shaman’s personal benefit or the community which he serves.
A practice is simply something that one does, it is also something that one does with regular repetition to get improvement. Spiritual practices often share much in common: prayer, meditation, reading, study, support from other devotees, and the need for advice and direction from spiritual councilors. A spiritual practice also incorporates rituals and ceremonial activities. Some of these practices include fasting, making pilgrimages to holy sites, keeping vigils, lighting candles or sacred fires, burning herbs and incense, maintaining altars and shrines, engaging in various ascetic practices, and utilizing sacred tools or objects that maybe specific to each tradition.